Read the text and do the tasks below.
Just a few years ago, this place was called Dumptown. The people living here didn’t think much about where waste went when they threw it out. Things that could be reused or recycled were thrown in the trash, because nobody believed recycling made a difference. And, eventually, that became a very big problem. The garbage heap grew and began to smell. Sometimes it caught fire, making it hard for everyone to breathe. Dumptowners knew they had to fix it. They learned to reduce the amount of waste they threw away. For example, they learned to reuse things—like washing out empty jars instead of throwing them away. And, they learned to recycle. They set up bins around town to collect glass, paper, and other things, then made into new products.
Choose the best answer.
37. Many years ago, the people living in Dumptown ____________.
A. thought much about where the waste went.
B. saved things that could be reused or recycled at home.
C. were hard to believe that recycling could make a difference.
D. made compost from trash.
38. Which of the following could replace the word ‘trash’ in line 3?
A. garbage B. fertilizer C. compost D. dump
39. What were the Dumptown’s problems?
A. The garbage heap smelled.
B. Sometimes the garbage heap caught fire.
C. It was hard for everyone to breathe.
D. The garbage heap smelled, caught fire, people were hard to breathe.
40. What does the word ‘them’ in line 8 refer to?
A. the trash B. the garbage heap C. Dumptowners D. empty jars